The Blue Mountains once thought of as the barrier to freedom, is a mountainous region in New South Wales that borders on Sydney's metropolitan area. The name Blue Mountains was derived from the blue tinge that the range takes on when viewed from a distance.
In November 29, 2000, the Greater Blue Mountains Area was declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Area. The mountains, reaching a height of 1100 meters, offer spectacular scenery, plant life, and wildlife. There are also great walking trails that show relatively untouched flora. Other activities, such as abseiling, rock climbing and canoeing are offered.
Because of its natural beauty, there are numerous tourist destinations and attractions in the area. The Giant Staircase walking track runs down a cliff into the Jamison Valley, near the Three Sisters, providing access to nature walks. The Katoomba Scenic Railway was declared by the Guinness Book of World Records as the steepest railway in the world. The cable railway line descends 415 metres through sandstone cliffs, via a rock tunnel with a maximum gradient of 52 degrees. Also, at this location is the Scenic Skyway, a glass-bottom aerial cable car that traverses an arm of the Jamison Valley, and the Scenic Cableway, the steepest aerial cable car in Australia.
Blue Mountains is a destination that is ideal for those who need to take a breather and appreciate what nature has to offer.